The Brief Introduction to Socket Hex Screw
A socket hex screw, also known as a socket head cap screw or Allen screw, is a type of fastener that features a cylindrical head with a hexagonal recess (socket) in the top. This recess is designed to accommodate a hex key or Allen wrench, allowing for easy installation and removal.
Here are some key features and considerations regarding socket hex screws:
1. Head style: The head of a socket hex screw is typically cylindrical or slightly rounded, and it is often larger in diameter than the threaded portion. The socket recess is located on the top of the head, enabling the use of a hex key or wrench for tightening or loosening.
2. Hexagonal socket size: The size of the socket hex screw is determined by the hexagonal recess size, which corresponds to the size of the hex key or Allen wrench needed for proper installation. Common socket sizes include 1/16", 5/64", 3/32", 7/64", 1/8", 5/32", 3/16", 7/32", 1/4", 5/16", 3/8", and so on, measured in inches or millimeters.
3. Thread type and size: Socket hex screws are available with various thread types and sizes, such as UNC (Unified National Coarse), UNF (Unified National Fine), or metric threads. The thread size is specified by a combination of thread diameter and thread pitch.
4. Materials: Socket hex screws are commonly made from steel, stainless steel, or other alloys. The choice of material depends on the specific application requirements, including factors such as corrosion resistance, strength, and environmental conditions.
5. Applications: Socket hex screws are widely used in many industries and applications, including machinery, automotive, electronics, construction, furniture assembly, and more. They are often used in situations where a flush or low-profile fastener is desired, or where a high torque application is required.
6. Advantages: Socket hex screws offer several advantages. The recessed socket design provides a more streamlined and aesthetically pleasing appearance compared to other types of screws. The hexagonal socket allows for high torque transmission, reducing the risk of stripping the fastener during installation or removal. The wide availability of different sizes and materials makes socket hex screws versatile and suitable for various applications.
When using socket hex screws, it's important to select the appropriate size and material for the specific task at hand. Proper installation with the correct size of hex key or Allen wrench ensures a secure and reliable fastening.